BACKGROUND: This study compared the performance of a single blood draw of high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT), high-sensitivity troponin I (hsTnI) and conventional troponin I (cTnI) within a modified HEART score for predicting 30-day MACE at Emergency Department (ED) presentation, and established local reference norms for all three assays by determining the cut-off point which yielded the highest sensitivity and negative predictive value for acute myocardial infarction and 30-day MACE.
METHODS: This single-center prospective cohort study recruited chest pain patients at the ED, whose hsTnT, hsTnI and cTnI were taken on admission. Subjects were classified into low and non-low risk group according to their modified HEART score, with MACE as the primary endpoint. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated, area under the curves (AUCs) were calculated; the performance characteristics were determined.
RESULTS: The performance of modified HEART scores was comparable among the three assays for 30-day MACE (84.9-87.0% sensitivity, 95.6-96.0% NPV, 95%CI) and none of these had very high AUC and specificity (AUC 0.70-0.71, 53.7-56.7% specificity, 95% CI). The modified HEART score using a single blood draw of either hsTnT (3.9ng/L), hsTnI (0.9ng/L) or cTnI (0.0ng/L) at presentation yielded a sensitivity of 100% for 30-day MACE.
CONCLUSION: The modified HEART score using a single blood draw of either hsTnT, hsTnI or cTnI was equally effective in risk-stratifying chest pain patients for safe discharge. The theoretical cut-off points yielding 100% sensitivity are potentially useful (when achieved) for safely discharging low risk patients with undifferentiated chest pain in the ED.